NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR CLIMATE CHANGE
Current environmental policy has a tendency to join political instruments to preserve natural resources for human life and in that manner, achieve sustainable development. In Mexico, there are several instruments of public policy, among these there are juridical tools which set the pace to comply with local, regional, national and international regulations.
Since the publication of the General Law of Climate Change (Ley General de Cambio Climático), which took place on June 6, 2012, it was stipulated in section I, Chapter IV titled “Instruments of Planning”, that the National Strategy is regarded as an instrument that shapes national politics in the medium and long term to face the effects of Climate Change. The General Law of Climate Change mentions in its article 60, second paragraph, that the creation of the Strategy took place in collaboration with the National Institute of Ecology and Climate Change (Instituto Nacional de Ecología y Cambio Climático), and with the opinion of the Council for Climate Change (Consejo de Cambio Climático). Simultaneously, such Council has the duty to follow up on the evaluations of the Strategy.
A year later, on June 3rd, 2013, the National Strategy for Climate Change (Estrategia Nacional de Cambio Climático) was published in the Official Journal of the Federation (Diario Oficial de la Federación). Its publication sets the pace for the establishment of actions with a long-term vision, one which will trace a route of 10, 20, 40 years; there are no concrete actions or responsible parties defined, instead, it defines six pillars of national policy
on Climate Change, three strategic axes related to adaptation, and five strategic axes focused on mitigation matters , which conjointly result in the Strategy’s main objective: To face the effects of Climate Change and move towards a competitive economy that is also sustainable and with low Carbon emissions, simultaneously engaging policies of the three orders of government.
It is important to note that on paper, many programs, plans and strategies can sound interesting, brilliant, innovative, and relevant for our country, however, it is equally true that many of them, perhaps the majority of them, will not achieve anything concrete. Instead, they will merely create bureaucratic monsters that are avid of resources but low in efficacy; public policy regarding Climate Change matters should be developed, and plans or strategies like this one should be embedded within such a policy in order to avoid the development of a public policy on a federal level that arises from a Strategy. In reality, an individual law is not enough to address all matters, multiple legal and regulatory adjustments must take place, but in the end, hope is the last thing that dies.
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